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The Neoliberal Constraints of Ecological Modernisation

Ecological modernisation is a process of institutional reform towards a political system that is adequately resourced to address environmental issues. The following diagram introduces ecological modernisation and  economic ecological modernisation. These concepts are expanded in the full document bellow.

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This essay considers how ecological modernisation  is ultimately not compatible with the free market economy of capitalism and the ideological influence of liberalism.According to Saad-Filho and Johnston (2005, p. 1) we live in an age of neoliberalism, and so, to examine whether ecological modernisation can demonstrate that environmental protection is compatible with capitalism it is necessary to examine its normative principles within an existing neoliberal ideological framework. Neoliberalism is not compatible with environmental protection as environmental issues cannot be adequately addressed by

Neoliberalism is not compatible with environmental protection as environmental issues cannot be adequately addressed by capitalisms relentless and indifferent commitment to growth, neoliberal market fundamentals and the liberal anthropocentric concept of human nature. Whereas, a more reformist position on capitalism that sees a balance between market capitalism and state intervention can potentially be a basis for where reform towards effectively addressing environmental issues can take place, such like, social democracy or social liberalism (Heywood, 2014, pp. 56, 128).

Read The Neoliberal Constrains of Ecological Modernisation (PDF)